What is a Property Sale Deed?

It is important to sign any Verification of Property documents when you are selling your property. A property sale deed is one document that provides information about who owns what and who is involved in the transaction. As the previous seller had earlier on the property, you have all the same benefits of ownership. In the following sections, we will describe what a property sale deed is all about and some of the aspects that make it significant during a property transaction.

How does a property sale deed work?

Essentially, a property sale deed transfers the ownership rights of the property from the seller (i.e. the transferor) to the buyer (i.e. the transferee). If both parties do not sign the Sale Deed, the purchase and sale cannot be legally completed. Typically, a property sale deed is usually only signed after both parties are satisfied and agree to the terms stipulated in the contract.

Section 54 of the Transfer of Property Act of 1882 specifies all information about the constituents of a sale deed, the process by which the property transaction occurs, as well as the elements necessary for the agreement to be valid. According to the Act, a sale is the transfer of ownership in exchange for a price or a fee, whether the fee is paid immediately or will be paid in part in the future. It can also be partially promised.

Deeds of Sale: Basic Rights

A sale deed outlines the three fundamental rights. They are:

  1. Possession and enjoyment of the property
  2. Title to property
  3. Alienation right.

In a contract of sale of the property, the seller no longer holds privileges after the complete transfer of ownership rights to the buyer. The seller must transfer all rights in order for the sale to be valid. The motive and purpose of the transaction are equally important.

Rather than merely ensuring that fair deals are maintained, fraudulent conduct is prohibited, and that the property remains in constant use, Section 55 of the Act stipulates the obligations, duties, and rights of both parties when immovable property is transferred.

There must be no contract to the contrary in order to qualify for the application of Section 55 of the Act. Section 55 does not apply as long as the agreement of sale outlines all the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of the buyer and seller.

The Transfer of Property Act of 1882 specifically mentions the process of selling immovable property, but simply reading Section 54 is insufficient to comprehend the process. You must read Section 55 of the Transfer of Property Act of 1882 in conjunction with Section 54 of the Act in order to be able to comprehend and investigate its implications.

What is included in a property sale deed?

This is a list of the features of a sale deed document for a property:

1) All provisions of section 10 of the Indian Contract Act of 1872 that apply to general contracts apply equally to the sale of real estate. For example, the buyer must consent freely to the sale of the property.

(2) In order for a sale deed to be valid, it must be supported by two eyewitnesses from both sides of the parties involved, in order to protect both parties’ interests in case of future disputes. 

(3) A property sale deed is a legally binding document that binds both buyer and seller. 

4) The document is a special type of proof of ownership rights in an immovable property.

5) To make sure that title clearance has been achieved, the legal professionals prepare a title search and provide a title report.

6) An important element of the deed is the description of the property, the names of the parties involved, and the price of the property. 

7) In addition to stating the seller’s right to sell the property, the sales deed should also indicate that there are no outstanding liens or encumbrances.

8) In addition, the contract includes a provision that requires the defaulting party to pay a penalty to the party that is not responsible for the default.

9) The deed must contain any covenants or restrictions pertaining to the property.

10) Prior to the actual occurrence of the document of the sale deed, there is a precondition in order to protect both parties’ rights.

Under the Property Sale Deed, the Buyer has the following rights:

The buyer is entitled to the following rights under a property sale deed:

1) All liens and encumbrances are free to be transferred to the buyer

2) All inspections must be performed prior to the closing of the transaction by the buyer

3) Any substantial flaws with the property and failure to address them can lead to the buyer withdrawing from the transaction

4) Keys to the property must be obtained by the buyer.

Under the Property Sale Deed, the Buyer has the following rights:

Among the rights granted to the buyer under the property sale deed are:

1) Consideration right

In a contract of sale, the seller receives the full amount of compensation specified. The buyer must comply with the time restriction if the contract stipulates that payment must be made within a certain amount of time. Failure to do so constitutes a breach of contract.

2) Profits and rents rights

It is the seller’s right to receive every benefit derived from the ownership of the property. It is until the ownership rights in the property are transferred that the seller is entitled to all money earned from the property. 

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