How Do I Make a Share Sale Purchase Agreement?

The sale and purchase of shares in a company is a significant transaction, and it’s vital to ensure that all the details are clearly defined and legally binding for both the buyer and seller. In India, as in many other countries, this is achieved through a Share Purchase Agreement (SPA). This document outlines the specifics of the transaction, including the price, terms, conditions, and other pertinent details.

If you’re considering selling or purchasing shares in an Indian company, a properly drafted SPA is essential. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you understand and outline a Share Purchase Agreement in India:

1. Introduction and Parties Involved

Begin the SPA with an introduction that provides context for the agreement. This section should include:

  • Date: The effective date of the agreement.
  • Parties: Names and details of the buyer and seller, and, if applicable, the company whose shares are being transferred.

2. Recitals

This section narrates the background of the agreement. It typically starts with the word “Whereas” and may include:

  • The desire of the buyer to purchase and the seller to sell the shares.
  • The authority of the seller to sell the shares.

3. Definitions and Interpretations

Clarify terms and definitions that will be used throughout the agreement. This aids in preventing ambiguities.

4. Sale and Purchase of Shares

Clearly define:

  • Number of shares: Specify the total number and class of shares being sold.
  • Purchase price: State the total price and per-share price.
  • Payment terms: Detail how and when the payment will be made.

5. Conditions Precedent

These are conditions that must be satisfied before the transaction is completed. Common conditions might include:

  • Obtaining necessary approvals or consents.
  • The buyer being satisfied with due diligence findings.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Share Purchase Agreement

A Share Purchase Agreement (SPA) is a legally binding contract between a seller and a buyer that delineates the terms and conditions under which shares of a company will be sold or purchased. Much like buying a property, the SPA acts as a blueprint for the transaction, ensuring that all parties understand their responsibilities and rights.


  • A share purchase agreement allows for a cost-effective transfer
  • It does away with the need for creditors’ approval.


  • The buyer acquires all assets and liabilities, including all rights and obligations
  • It is critical for the buyer to conduct due diligence in order to uncover previously hidden liabilities, conflicts, asset ownership, and so on.

 File a Share Purchase Agreement In India

  1. Both parties review the share purchase agreement
  2. Both parties’ signatures are required. If the purchaser is in doubt, a witness can also sign
  3. Copies should be made for the buyer, seller, and company
  4. After payment, the certificate is given
  5. If you meet specific criteria, it will allow you to register.


Outlining a Share Purchase Agreement in India requires careful consideration of the key terms and conditions of the transaction. By following the steps outlined above, both the buyer and the seller can ensure that the SPA is comprehensive, effective, and legally binding. It is advisable to seek professional legal advice when drafting and finalizing the SPA to ensure that all legal requirements are met.

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